How Suburban Schools Are Struggling with Low-Income Students and Students of Color in Their Schools
Chapter 1. Changing Demographics: The New Reality for Suburban Schools
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For more than a half a century, a majority of Americans have lived and still live in the suburbs (Marino, 2014). As a result, most children go to school in suburban communities, so understanding them is critical. Suburbs are not just a geographic place on the map outside the central city, but a concept, an expression of how Americans believe one should live. They offer proximity to the city but are physically removed from the dirt, noise, and chaos that the city brings. To understand the creation of the suburbs, one must understand that they have been
The quintessential physical achievement of the United States; it is perhaps more representative of American culture than big cars, tall buildings, or American football... it is a manifestation of such fundamental characteristics as conspicuous consumption, reliance upon the private automobile, upward mobility, the separation of the family into nuclear units, widening division between work and leisure, and a tendency toward racial and economic exclusiveness. (Jackson, 1985, p. 4)
Kenneth Jackson (1985), who described the development of the suburb in Crabgrass Frontier, traced the origins of the suburb as we know it today to nineteenth-century England and the United States. Suburbanization, ← 1 | 2 →the “systematic growth of fringe areas at a pace more rapid than that of the core cities,” enabled people to live farther from work and establish new communities, away from cities (p. 13). Brooklyn Heights, one of the first suburbs, was...
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