Narrating Gender Reality in Japanese Folktale Tradition
Appendix I: Inada’s Tale-Types of Japanese Animal-Wife Tales
IT 218: The Fish-Wife Tale-Type4
The following eight Japanese Animal-Wife tale-types are based on tales compiled in Inada’s General Survey and Analysis of Japanese Folktales (1998).1 He regards folktales as combinations of one or more motifs that, according to his theoretical explanation, fall into the same sequence, in spite of commonly recurring tale-type variants.2 While the understanding of the definition of motif still varies among researchers, each tale-type classification standard of Animal-Wife tales in the above Inada’s tale-type index depends on the animal woman’s species, which affects neither the tale’s episodic structure nor the four-pillar episodes.3
While Seki’s tale-type index includes folktales widely circulating in the Japanese main islands, Inada’s tale-type index contains folktales circulating in the Ryūkyū Islands (which are located in the southwest of the Japan Main Island) and also among Ainu people living in Hokkaidō (which is the second largest island of Japan, located in the north). This makes a distinctive difference between Inada and Seki in the way of understanding what ethno-cultural elements characterize Japanese folktales and, therefore, Inada’s exemplified tales are sometimes different from those of Seki’s. ← 123 | 124 →
1 Kōji Inada and Toshio Ozawa, eds., General Survey and Analysis of Japanese Folktales (Nihon Mukashibanashi Tsūkan 日本昔話通観) (Tokyo: Dōhō sha, 1998).
2 Regarding Inada’s concept of “motif combination,” see also his A Handbook of Japanese Folktales (Nihon Mukashibanashi Hando Bukku 日本昔話ハンド・ブック) (Tokyo: Sansei dō, 2001) 10–26, 244–245.
3 As already noted in this...
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