Films of Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing
Edited By John J. Michalczyk and SJ Raymond G. Helmick
Rwanda: Where the Genocidal Devil Ran So Wild: John H. Stanfield, II
John H. Stanfield, II
The 1994 Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsis, planned and carried out by an extremist Hutu sect in the national government, actually began with Belgian colonial rule over that Central and East African society after WWI. It is now common knowledge that during the time between WWI and WWII, the Belgian racialization of the Hutus and Tutsis and their design and implementation of ID cards for a largely physically non-distinctive population with extensive historical intermixture and very much the same culture would set in concrete the foundations of what would become, after independence in the early 1960s, a long term Hutu extremist genocidal apartheid nation-state.
Before the Belgians, being Tutsi or Hutu had nothing to do with physical appearance such as what these colonizers would claim about “the superior tall and slender” Tutsis, who were the most privileged cattle-owning group and “the inferior short and stout Hutus,” who worked in the fields. Being Tutsi and Hutu was a matter of how many cattle a family owned, ten or more meant that one was a Tutsi and less were Hutus. Also, if a man did well in battle for a King who was of Hutu status, he was considered to be a Tutsi. As a common divide-and-conquer colonizing strategy, the Belgians racialized these two groups, intensifying resentment among the groups. In the 1930s and 1940s, this race-making and this breeding of Hutu resentment towards Tutsis was largely done in the political sphere of colonial...
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