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Using Concept Mapping to Foster Adaptive Expertise

Enhancing Teacher Metacognitive Learning to Improve Student Academic Performance


Diane Salmon and Melissa Kelly

Concept mapping is a powerful means to promote metacognitive learning in students and teachers alike. When teachers integrate concept mapping into their instructional planning, they clarify the big ideas, expose new conceptual relationships, and refine learning goals for their students. Salmon and Kelly provide a research-based framework and corresponding strategies to help teachers develop, critique, and revise their concept maps. In using this approach, teachers refine knowledge for teaching in order to expand their adaptive expertise and ultimately improve the academic performances of their students. Teacher candidates at both the undergraduate and graduate level can use this book to support their professional learning and planning for teaching. Teacher educators will find this text appropriate for courses that address learning, cognition, and instructional planning. In-service professionals can use the approach described here to support their own professional development through their practice. Administrators and coaches will find the volume a useful tool in fostering a professional learning community in their schools.
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Chapter 11. Tools for Constructing Concept Maps

Tools for the Construction of Concept Maps


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There are many technological tools available for constructing concept maps, and each has various capabilities that can support metacognitive learning from concept mapping. The importance of particular capabilities depends upon the purpose and professional context for concept mapping.

In this chapter we present an overview of some of the technology tools that support the construction of concept maps. Then we discuss several of the capabilities that have been instrumental in the selection and use of the tool that we have used for concept mapping. As you read the chapter, it may be helpful for you to think about the different features that might be particularly useful for different contexts. This chapter can help you think about your needs related to concept mapping, the context surrounding those needs, and how various tools and capabilities might address them.

While the main focus of this section is on software tools for constructing concept maps, we would be remiss if we didn’t mention some of the early tools that were often staples for concept mapping, like Post-it® notes and flip chart ← 211 | 212 → paper (3MTM, 2014). These types of tools were (and still are) highly useful in cases of both individual and collaborative concept mapping. For example, using the flip chart paper as a canvas, you can construct a concept incubator by writing a concept on each Post-it® note and then placing the note on the chart paper. You could...

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