A Social Psychological Perspective
Part I: Stereotypes, Attitudes, and Social Roles
The first eight chapters provide various theoretical perspectives relevant to Gender at Work. To better understand men’s and women’s different careers, we start with explaining gender stereotypes in Chapter 1. As we will review, such stereotypes may not only affect how we perceive and evaluate others’ behavior, but their effect on how we see ourselves may be even more profound. Also, gender stereotypes are insidious because they comprise not only aspects that people are aware of but also more automatic (“unconscious”) ones that are hard to avoid.
We then turn to gender attitudes—evaluations of men and women and of their roles in society (“sexism”). Gender stereotypes suggest that, on average, men and women differ a lot, psychologically. Our chapter on gender differences takes a close look at the evidence concerning this question. In the final theory section, we review theories that focus on gender roles, gender hierarchies, and how they are maintained.← 11 | 12 →
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