A Social Psychological Perspective
Chapter 17. Conservatives Versus Liberals
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Although the presence of women in the labor market has increased significantly in recent decades, we are still far from full gender equality in the workplace. And even more far the higher up we go in the hierarchy of organizations.
A recent study by the firm PayScale on salary increases provides new evidence in this regard. This study, conducted in late 2014 in the United States from a sample of more than 30,000 people has a positive outcome: It belies the widespread belief that women ask less than men for salary increases. It also shows that the percentage of employees who get the requested increase is similar in men and women.
However, when we apply the zoom, look up and focus on the group of professionals who have an MBA, what we see is worrying. When we look at what happens to these people, mostly directors, we discover that they don’t enjoy so much gender equality. Among the MBAs, 63% of men who requested a salary increase got everything they asked for, versus only 48% of women. But there’s more: Only 10% of men did not get anything, compared to 21% of women (PayScale, 2014).
Although most people prefer a male boss, this trend has decreased, and the preference for a female boss and the percentage of people “without preference” has increased (see Gallup Poll Survey, 2013). This is probably due to ← 191 | 192 → a general change in...
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