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International Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy

A Reader

Series:

Edited By Virginia Stead

The promise of this admission policy reader arises from the embodiment of research from 58 authors, six continents, 20 time zones, 20+ first languages, and a broad array of research methodologies. Four sections aggregate key themes within the text:
(1) National Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy;
(2) Theoretical Approaches to Higher Education Admission Policy;
(3) Applicant Recruitment and Student Support Services in Higher Education; and
(4) Diversity and Equity in Higher Education Admission Policy Implementation.
This book's global chorus of professional experience, investigation, and insight is unprecedented in its breadth and depth, illuminating a rare swath of challenges and opportunities that Internet-sourced international higher education makes visible. Although each chapter is an independent research report, together they generate a new landscape for admission policy orientation, exploration, and activism. The sheer range of policies and organizational infrastructure will alert all readers to many complexities within the admissions process that remain invisible within single or multiple but similar cultural and political contexts.
Many of these authors have demonstrated courage along with their intellectual acumen in tackling politically sensitive, culturally taboo, and personally dangerous topics within their research. Theirs is a moving testimony to the global quest for fairness within the world of admission policy implementation and to the power of access to higher education. Together, we are determined to advance equitable admissions praxis within all institutions of higher learning and promising futures for all students.
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7 The Case of Pakistan: Higher Education Admission Policy and Practice

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CHAPTER 7

The Case of Pakistan

Higher Education Admission Policy and Practice

Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal

Introduction

Education in general and higher education in particular play an important role in the socioeconomic development of a society. In today’s world of globalisation and knowledge economy, education is undoubtedly capital investment and an important energiser for the development of different sectors. Institutions of higher education have the main responsibility of equipping individuals with advanced knowledge and skills required for various positions in public and private sectors. It trains not only skilled manpower but also provides qualified personnel—such as teachers, doctors, civil servants, engineers, scientists, and social scientists—to work in various fields and social sector organisations. Without highly qualified manpower, economic development cannot be achieved and society cannot be on the path of prosperity. That is why the demand for higher education in various parts of the world has increased during the last several decades, Pakistan being no exception.

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its current population of about 187 million people and per capita income of about US$1,000. The strength of the country is its relatively young population, almost two-fifths of the population is below the age of 15. According to one estimate about 63% of the population is under the age of 25 years (Xhafferi & Iqbal, 2010). However, this precious human resource cannot be used for...

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