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International Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy

A Reader

Series:

Edited By Virginia Stead

The promise of this admission policy reader arises from the embodiment of research from 58 authors, six continents, 20 time zones, 20+ first languages, and a broad array of research methodologies. Four sections aggregate key themes within the text:
(1) National Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy;
(2) Theoretical Approaches to Higher Education Admission Policy;
(3) Applicant Recruitment and Student Support Services in Higher Education; and
(4) Diversity and Equity in Higher Education Admission Policy Implementation.
This book's global chorus of professional experience, investigation, and insight is unprecedented in its breadth and depth, illuminating a rare swath of challenges and opportunities that Internet-sourced international higher education makes visible. Although each chapter is an independent research report, together they generate a new landscape for admission policy orientation, exploration, and activism. The sheer range of policies and organizational infrastructure will alert all readers to many complexities within the admissions process that remain invisible within single or multiple but similar cultural and political contexts.
Many of these authors have demonstrated courage along with their intellectual acumen in tackling politically sensitive, culturally taboo, and personally dangerous topics within their research. Theirs is a moving testimony to the global quest for fairness within the world of admission policy implementation and to the power of access to higher education. Together, we are determined to advance equitable admissions praxis within all institutions of higher learning and promising futures for all students.
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17 College Admission Tests: An Ohio Perspective

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CHAPTER 17

College Admission Tests

An Ohio Perspective

Brent Evans

Introduction

There is rarely a more anxiety-inducing event for a high school student than sitting down to take a college admission test. Scores on the SAT or ACT, the two nationally recognized college admission tests in the United States, are an important component of the admission application to colleges and universities and help the admission officers decide whether or not to accept the student into the incoming class. Most of the selective colleges and universities require high scores for acceptance, and many competitive scholarships use admission test scores as one of several selection criteria. For athletes, obtaining at least the minimum score established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is essential to being eligible to play intercollegiate sports. To gain a sense of how important students and their families perceive these tests to be, consider the fact that an estimated 1.5 million students purchase test preparation and tutoring services for the SAT, collectively spending about $530 million annually (Marte, 2011).

This chapter presents an overview of the SAT and ACT. After describing the two exams, it provides a brief history of their development before explaining why colleges and universities use testing to make admission decisions. It then summarizes the scholarly research on the predictive validity of the exams in predicting college outcomes. Evidence from interviews with college admission officers explains the extent to which...

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