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International Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy

A Reader

Series:

Edited By Virginia Stead

The promise of this admission policy reader arises from the embodiment of research from 58 authors, six continents, 20 time zones, 20+ first languages, and a broad array of research methodologies. Four sections aggregate key themes within the text:
(1) National Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy;
(2) Theoretical Approaches to Higher Education Admission Policy;
(3) Applicant Recruitment and Student Support Services in Higher Education; and
(4) Diversity and Equity in Higher Education Admission Policy Implementation.
This book's global chorus of professional experience, investigation, and insight is unprecedented in its breadth and depth, illuminating a rare swath of challenges and opportunities that Internet-sourced international higher education makes visible. Although each chapter is an independent research report, together they generate a new landscape for admission policy orientation, exploration, and activism. The sheer range of policies and organizational infrastructure will alert all readers to many complexities within the admissions process that remain invisible within single or multiple but similar cultural and political contexts.
Many of these authors have demonstrated courage along with their intellectual acumen in tackling politically sensitive, culturally taboo, and personally dangerous topics within their research. Theirs is a moving testimony to the global quest for fairness within the world of admission policy implementation and to the power of access to higher education. Together, we are determined to advance equitable admissions praxis within all institutions of higher learning and promising futures for all students.
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25 Student Access and Retention in Brazilian Higher Education: Reflections and Commentary on Public Federal Universities

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CHAPTER 25

Student Access and Retention in Brazilian Higher Education

Reflections and Commentary on Public Federal Universities

Douglas Aparecido de Campos and Maria Aparecida Mello

Introduction

This chapter discusses the access and retention of low-income students in a Brazilian public university whose guiding principles are academic excellence and social commitment. The authors critically analyze how this university is developing its role in promoting policies for the access and retention of low-income students. They discuss and analyze the university’s internal and external methodology for policy implementation as well as how these policies might or might not overcome the problem of unequal access and retention in higher education. Some of the policies and procedures that are in place to strengthen student retention include the expansion of courses and student places, the creation of specific courses for low-income populations, student academic mobility, student opportunities for participation in specific affirmative action projects, processes for aboriginal student inclusion, uses of information technology, and scholarship entitlement.

Together, these initiatives support changes in the implementation, execution, and evaluation of policies that improve access and retention for low-income students and expand university access for students from all income levels. This analysis focuses on prospective actions for fighting inequality in higher education and considers how the four responsibilities of university educators—teaching, research, community collaboration, and administration—could be restructured more effectively.

The Problem: Elitist Public Policy in Higher Education

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