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Facing Poverty and Marginalization

Fifty Years of Critical Research in Brazil


Michalis Kontopodis, Maria Cecília Camargo Magalhães and Maria José Coracini

A long history of poverty, discrimination, colonialism and struggle for social justice has provided, over the last fifty years, the context for the development of a vast amount of critical scholarship targeting marginalization in Brazil: Freireian pedagogics, theology of liberation, critical sociology, anthropology and ethnomathematics, critical social psychology and discourse analysis. Most of this scholarship has unfortunately been accessible only to the Portuguese-speaking readership. This volume presents, for the first time to an international audience, the novel understandings of critical research that have emerged in this frame. While Brazil is entering a new phase of socio-economic and political turmoil, distinguished representatives of the various critical research traditions from all over Brazil explore the voices and practices of those who are usually hardly heard: the helpless, the mentally ill, the landless, the homeless, the voiceless youth, delinquents, indigenous people, the powerless. The volume proposes original theoretical tools and arguments that can inspire social-scientific discussions on facing poverty and marginalization not only with regard to Brazil, but also other parts of the world. It is the first book of its kind in English and a unique tool for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and specialists across the social sciences.

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Notes on Contributors


ELIZABETH DOS SANTOS BRAGA is Professor of Education at the School of Education of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. She received her master’s and doctorate in educational science at the State University of Campinas, where she then became a member of the Thought and Language research group. She has also accomplished post-doctoral studies at the Oxford Centre for Sociocultural and Activity Theory Research, Department of Education, at the University of Oxford. Her publication and research interests concern social memory, discourse and narrative, human development, subject constitution, social practices, school practices, and teacher education. She is the author of the book A Constituição Social da Memória: Uma Perspectiva Histórico-Cultural (The Social Constitution of Memory: A Historico-Cultural Perspective, Editora Unijuí, 2000).

CAROLINE STUMPF BUAES obtained her master’s and doctoral degrees from the School of Education at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre. Her research interests and publications concern the education of adults and the elderly.

ISABELA CAMINI obtained her PhD in Educational Science in 2009 from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. Since 1994 she has been a core member of the National Centre for the Education of the Landless Rural Workers. Currently she is dedicated to the systematization of pedagogical experiences at school – specifically at schools in encampments of the Landless Rural Workers’ Movement. She coedited three special issues of the journal Itinerant School Notebooks with Sandra Dalmagro: “Itinerant: the Landless School – Trajectories and Meanings...

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