Edited By Susanne M. Cadera and Andrew Samuel Walsh
1 Lorca’s Poet in New York as a Paradigm of Poetic Retranslation (Andrew Samuel Walsh)
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ANDREW SAMUEL WALSH
1 Lorca’s Poet in New York as a Paradigm of Poetic Retranslation
The present chapter seeks to analyse the socio-historic evolution of the English language translations of Federico García Lorca’s Poet in New York. Therefore, we propose a diachronic analysis of the five complete English language translations that have currently been published of Lorca’s text which range from the first bilingual edition of 1940 to the most recent retranslation which was published in 2008. These English versions of such a totemic text have exerted a considerable influence on the poetic vision of the city of New York itself to the extent that it is possible to speak of a genuinely ‘American’ poet called Lorca due to the extraordinarily fertile reception of this poetry in the English-speaking world. Through an analysis of the English language versions of these poems published in five different translations during a period ranging from the book’s very first edition in bilingual format in 1940 to the latest complete version which dates from 2008, we will analyse how social and cultural evolution in language has informed the changing nature of the translation of these poems during this elapse of time. Essentially, this chapter will provide an overview of the salient characteristics of the retranslations of Poet in New York in terms of racially and sexually sensitive language and an analysis of the solutions proposed by the translators analysed.
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