Edited By Susanne M. Cadera and Andrew Samuel Walsh
2 Retranslation as a Reaction to Ideological Change: The History of Spanish Versions of Gay American Twentieth-Century Novels (Ana María Roca Urgorri)
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ANA MARÍA ROCA URGORRI
2 Retranslation as a Reaction to Ideological Change: The History of Spanish Versions of Gay American Twentieth-Century Novels
This chapter aims at contributing to retranslation theory by delving into the causes of this phenomenon. More specifically, in accordance with the existing literature emphasizing the influence of socially held values on translation, it proposes that changes in the ideology of the target system elicit new versions of foreign works that have been previously introduced into this system. This hypothesis is preliminarily validated and further research necessary in order to confirm this conclusion is suggested on the basis of the analysis of a corpus made up of gay American twentieth-century novels and all of their translations published in Spain. The key to the proposed methodology is publication dates, which are plotted on a table using a new representation system and then compared to the profound evolution of Spanish attitudes towards male homosexuality since 1936.
Over the past few decades, there seems to have been a consensus that the existing research about retranslations is insufficient (Gambier, 1994; Enríquez Aranda, 2008; Deane, 2001). Different translations of a given original work into a particular language allow very revealing comparisons (Paloposki and Koskinen, 2004; Zaro Vera, 2007), which have become an ideal methodology for descriptive translation studies (Deane, 2011). However, my goal in this chapter is to contribute to the efforts to identify the characteristics...
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