Shifting Cultures in Twenty-First-Century Italy and Beyond
Edited By Claudia Gualtieri
This collection of essays presents a study of migration cultures in the contemporary Mediterranean with a particular focus on Italy as a point of migratory convergence and pressure. It investigates different experiences of, and responses to, sea crossings, borders and checkpoints, cultural proximity and distance, race, ethnicity and memory, along with creative responses to the same. In dialogic and complementary interaction, the essays explore violence centring on race as the major determining factor. The book further submits that the interrogation of racialized categories represents different kinds of critical response and resistance, which involve both political struggle and day-to-day survival and coexistence. Following the praxis of cultural and postcolonial studies, the essays focus on the present but draw indispensable insight from past connections and heritage as well as offering prognoses for the future. The ambitious aim of this collection is to identify some useful lines of thought and action that could help us to think outside intricacy, isolation and defensiveness, which characterize most of the public official reactions to migration today.
18 Resistance through performance in the Italian hip-hop scene (Roberto Pedretti)
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18 Resistance through performance in the Italian hip-hop scene
Born in the second half of the 1970s in the South Bronx, hip-hop was the first youth culture to spread around the world, giving birth to a number of cultural practices deeply influenced by the social and material conditions which made that culture possible. Its extraordinary vitality and ability to adapt to different environments made hip-hop a powerful instrument for young people to express their grievances, hopes and demands. This chapter aims to provide a reading of hip-hop from the perspectives of cultural studies and postcolonial critique and presents an overview of the development of Italian hip-hop, its origins and cultural roots. The chapter focuses on recent migratory environments in Italy and how the social and demographic transformations they brought about have influenced the Italian hip-hop scene, with particular reference to the emergence of practitioners of migrant descent whose performances may be read as forms of resistance and opposition to hegemonic discourses on identity and belonging.
Resistance, struggle, negotiation. Based on a Gramscian reading of social relations, the authors and curators of the seminal work Resistance through Rituals identify ‘agency’ as one of the main factors that contributes to building the – often turbulent – relationships among subordinate and dominant cultures (Hall and Jefferson 1976). These relationships articulate and produce strategies that change in time, transform and evolve in line with the material factors driving such...
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