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ESOL Provision in the UK and Ireland: Challenges and Opportunities


Edited By Freda Mishan

Situated within the context of unprecedented levels of inward migration to the UK and Ireland bringing with it all the complexities of integration, this volume focuses on a key aspect of this - language provision. Through the voices of stakeholders in the field of teaching English to speakers of other languages (ESOL), this volume critically examines models of language provision and integration, the relationship between language and identity, developing ESOL practices and ESOL policy. A distinctive feature is the diversity of contributions, ranging from research studies to vignettes presenting living portraits of ESOL practice on the ground. The volume fills an urgent gap in this area, offering a snapshot of the ‘state of the art’ of ESOL in the UK and Ireland and projections of how the needs of new migrants can be addressed into the future.

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6 Motivating unaccompanied minors in the ESOL classroom (Jeremy Idle / Lyn Ma)


Jeremy Idle and Lyn Ma

6 Motivating unaccompanied minors in the ESOL classroom


This chapter begins with a rationale for Clyde College’s ‘16 Plus’ programme for unaccompanied minors and an outline of the work we do with this group of learners. The college is in Glasgow, Scotland. We set it in the context of Jacqueline Bhabha’s work on child migration (2014). Because motivation is such an important issue for the learners, we then turn to a college-specific re-reading of Zoltan Dörnyei’s more EFL-related work on L2 motivation and possible selves. Finally, we explore the programme’s work in more detail, using eight key pieces of motivational advice from Dörnyei and indicating how much wider than mere ESOL the programme goes.

The 16 Plus programme at Anniesland/Clyde

Since 2004, the ESOL Department of Anniesland College in Glasgow, Scotland (part of Clyde College since August 2013) has run a ‘16 Plus’ programme for unaccompanied minors between 16 and 20 years old who are refugees or asylum seekers. For these people there may be no place in school or their language level may make it difficult for them to access other school subjects. ‘Unaccompanied minors’ is a legal term which means that students have often reached, and now live in the UK, unaccompanied by parents or family members. They are often involved in the complicated and lengthy process of applying for refugee status in the UK. 16 Plus is also open...

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