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Children of the Liberation

Transatlantic Experiences and Perspectives of Black Germans of the Post-War Generation

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Edited By Marion Kraft

This volume was originally published in German in 2015, commemorating the end of World War II seventy years earlier and acknowledging the contribution of African American soldiers to Germany’s liberation from fascist rule. Using an interdisciplinary approach, it collects the voices of some of the descendants of these World War II heroes. In this volume, Black Germans of this post-war generation relate and analyse their experiences from various perspectives. Historical, political and research essays alongside life writing, interviews and literary texts form a kaleidoscope through which a new perspective on an almost forgotten part of German history and US American–German relationships is conveyed. The collection explores causes and consequences of racism in the past and in the present as well as developing strategies for achieving positive changes.
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ADEFRA: How It All Began – a Conversation with Ria Cheatom, Jasmin Eding and Judy Gummich (Ika Hügel-Marshall)

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IKA HÜGEL-MARSHALL

ADEFRA: How It All Began – a Conversation with Ria Cheatom, Jasmin Eding and Judy Gummich1

Before Black women in Germany self-organized, some of them were active in the white feminist movement in West Germany or in other political organizations. The first contacts between Afro-Germans occurred quite randomly in Munich.

Judy Gummich recalls:

I met Jasmin Eding in Munich, in 1986, at “Aktion Gegenwind” [Action Resistance], a women’s peace initiative. At first, we did not talk to each other, which was not unusual at that time. Fortunately, Jasmin spoke to me, and I gave her my phone number. Later, she called me and asked if I was interested in meeting other Black women. I knew immediately that this was something I wanted to get involved with. I had spent six months working with a development program in West Africa and realized that development policy was not the focus of my political engagement.

Jasmin Eding remembers:

I not only addressed Black women back then, but also Black men. For example, Tahir Della, who still is an important friend and work partner for me. In the beginning, we organized mutual meetings and events. These were also the days of the emergence of the ISD, in which men and women work together. We supported each other and discussed political issues. Since ADEFRA was very much engaged with women’s and feminist issues, we didn’t want to...

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