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Women in the Informal Sector and Poverty Reduction in Morocco

The City of Fez as a Case Study

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Souad Belhorma

It is established that the informal sector plays an important role in the creation of job opportunities for many rural and urban people. However, there is a scarcity of academic research on the relationship between gender, informality of employment and poverty reduction in Morocco with particular reference to the city of Fez. This book focuses on investigating the contribution of women’s self-employed work in the informal sector in reducing household poverty in the city of Fez. This is done through the medium of specific framework objectives. First, the book sets out the types of women engaged in informal sector activities in the city of Fez. Secondly, it makes a situational analysis of the contribution of women’s work in the informal sector to reduce poverty in their households in this region of Morocco. Thirdly, it identifies the linkages between working as self-employed persons and emancipation of women through their participation in political and social activism in Fez and lastly, it uncovers the main difficulties impeding the development of women in self-employed activities in the informal sector and identifies the various challenges for the development of their businesses in Fez.

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Chapter 6 Difficulties and Perspectives of Women’s Self-employment

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Chapter 6

Difficulties and Perspectives of Women’s Self-employment

Abstract

In the previous chapter, it was shown how women’s political and social development were restricted by various hindrances, namely the socio-cultural and the patriarchal aspects of the Moroccan society. There are two lines of development that constitute the base for the structure of the present chapter. The first line consists of a discussion of the major difficulties in self-employment. This section starts with the limitations that women face in their work. Then, an examination of their level of satisfaction regarding their participation in self-employed activities is tackled. The second line in the structuring of this chapter explores the opportunities offered to women to be a free business manager. It also provides an analysis of the data on women’s intentions to expand their economic activities. The chapter ends up with a discussion of the various forms of assistance women require to develop their careers in the informal sector in particular and their situation as informal workers in general.

Difficulties of Women’s Self-employment

Self-employed women in the city of Fez demonstrate their sufferings from various obstacles affecting the performance of their informal economic activities. The first sub-section attempts to discuss some problems reported by women which impede their development. The second one highlights the level of satisfaction of women concerning their working situation.←253 | 254→

Limitations of Women’s Work

The present research provides some of the positive aspects of...

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