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Women in the Informal Sector and Poverty Reduction in Morocco

The City of Fez as a Case Study


Souad Belhorma

It is established that the informal sector plays an important role in the creation of job opportunities for many rural and urban people. However, there is a scarcity of academic research on the relationship between gender, informality of employment and poverty reduction in Morocco with particular reference to the city of Fez. This book focuses on investigating the contribution of women’s self-employed work in the informal sector in reducing household poverty in the city of Fez. This is done through the medium of specific framework objectives. First, the book sets out the types of women engaged in informal sector activities in the city of Fez. Secondly, it makes a situational analysis of the contribution of women’s work in the informal sector to reduce poverty in their households in this region of Morocco. Thirdly, it identifies the linkages between working as self-employed persons and emancipation of women through their participation in political and social activism in Fez and lastly, it uncovers the main difficulties impeding the development of women in self-employed activities in the informal sector and identifies the various challenges for the development of their businesses in Fez.

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Conclusion and Recommendations


The main objective of the present investigation was to examine the participation of women in the shadow segments of work and its role in the household poverty reduction in the city of Fez. In fact, this book has focused on the self-employed activities as components of the economy, which allow many women to secure a source of income. Thus, this conclusion summarizes and synthesizes the findings of the foregoing discussions. It ends up with a number of recommendations and suggestions.

The first chapter of the present book focused on providing a theoretical understanding of the main concepts. It particularly concentrated on various previous studies about the informal sector, gender and poverty reduction. The purpose is to pave the way to a comprehensive reading, interpretation and analysis of the data collected in the city of Fez. The second chapter provided the main methodological framework followed in the collection of the data. It was basically based on a double tool approach using both quantitative and qualitative methods. In this respect, the mixed methods approach, using both the questionnaires and the interviews, served as an important means to generate some findings and to come out with scientific results. The latter were analyzed using statistical and ethnographic methods of analysis in order to reach the conclusions.

The third, fourth, fifth and sixth chapters were devoted to data analysis. While the third chapter examined the situation of women in self-employed activities, mainly focusing on the personal and professional characteristics,...

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