Cultural policies and urban regeneration between conservation and development
This book focuses on the relationships between the creative city principles and the planning approach introduced by the European Landscape Convention in order to identify best practices for the development of innovative cultural policies and new urban regeneration tools.
The research is characterized by a cross-cutting approach to cultural heritage. It proposes a new model for the design of advanced cultural districts consisting of a benchmark methodology and a "toolbox" of spatial, economic and social indicators that can be used to build the necessary knowledge. Finally, having Sardinia Region (IT) as reference, the book offers a picture of programs and plans to which the methodology and the toolbox can be applied, outlining their potential impacts within cultural and spatial planning.
3. Creativity at the Regional and Urban Scale
Creativity at the Regional and Urban Scale
High profile documents and programs of international organisms, such as UNESCO and the European Union, are put in practice on a local scale through policies and strategies created by national governments according to the principle of multi-level governance. This chapter investigates how local authorities translate these documents into practice at the regional and urban scale. Above all, the chapter focuses on the taxonomies and narratives adopted in describing the cultural and creative clusters/networks, the purpose of their intervention (urban renovation, entrepreneurship, social inclusion, international cooperation, institutional capacity building) and their spatial consequences with respect to the historical urban landscape (recovery, requalification, new buildings).
3.1 The international context
Cultural and creative networks always operate towards a requalification of the urban system, taking as a reference the British financial tools and the American modus operandi. The large-scale urban plans are clearly thought to support a local economic agenda and, at the same time, promote the image of a globally relevant city.
With this respect, it is possible to remember the West Kowloon Cultural District development plan and the Jockey Club Creative Arts Centre in Hong Kong, the Hong-dae Cultural district and the Itaewon neighborhood in Seoul, the “creative industry parks” in Beijing and Shanghai, born in occasion of the Universal Exposition of 2008 and 2010. In general, the strategies for culture of Asian cities lacks a space of confrontation where to share, discuss, and...
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