Cultural policies and urban regeneration between conservation and development
This book focuses on the relationships between the creative city principles and the planning approach introduced by the European Landscape Convention in order to identify best practices for the development of innovative cultural policies and new urban regeneration tools.
The research is characterized by a cross-cutting approach to cultural heritage. It proposes a new model for the design of advanced cultural districts consisting of a benchmark methodology and a "toolbox" of spatial, economic and social indicators that can be used to build the necessary knowledge. Finally, having Sardinia Region (IT) as reference, the book offers a picture of programs and plans to which the methodology and the toolbox can be applied, outlining their potential impacts within cultural and spatial planning.
4. Regional Planning
The Importance of the Advanced Cultural District
4.1 The origins of the advanced cultural district: the industrial district
The industrial district represents a complex object of analysis, which can be read under different but complementary perspectives. According to Antoldi (2006) and Cerrato (2008), they are:
– the economical perspective, which looks at the districts as a peculiar form of industrial organization, alternative to the fordist model of large companies;
– the corporate perspective, more directly connected to the strategic and organizational profiles of district businesses;
– the socio-cultural perspective, which focuses on the social capital of districts as a component of their production structure;
– the cognitive perspective, which emphasizes the learning mechanisms and knowledge transfer among the actors of the district.
These perspective are taken as a reference in the following paragraphs to illustrate the history and theoretic foundation of the advanced cultural districts.
4.1.1 The classical district: a new economic-commercial approach in industrial organization (1920-1970)
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