A Comparative Analysis of European Models
This book contributes to the debate on the emerging governance systems and management models of the cultural sector by means of a comparative analysis of significant case studies of public-private partnerships in Europe.
The research focuses on the development of public-private collaborations over the last five decades and investigates the emergence of multi-stakeholder partnerships in the cultural and creative field. The results of the analysis are interpreted in light of the discussion on the need to create integrated cultural systems at a local level that bring together cultural organizations, public authorities, citizens and communities. These territorial cultural ecosystems could unlock the potential of the cultural and creative sector and stimulate new ways to promote the cultural identity of the territory, giving a new role to cultural and creative organizations.
Chapter II. The Development of the PPP Concept
The Development of the PPP Concept
This chapter aims at providing an overview of the academic debate on PPPs and MSPs, analysing in particular the main theoretical approaches and interpretations of these models of collaboration. The chapter investigates the different phases of development in the discussion on public-private cooperation; from an initial phase in which PPPs were inserted into the framework of New Public Management and Public Governance paradigms, to more recent developments that increasingly interpret PPP as a specific phenomenon.
The analysis also focuses on the impact that the economic and financial crisis is having on the theoretical analysis of PPPs. In particular the “turbulent times” of the crisis seem to have paved the way for a different interpretation of PPPs and increasing academic attention to MSPs. Firstly, calls for more flexible definitions of PPPs have been made in order to shed light on the different governance and management models of public-private cooperation, which also include a higher cooperation of non-profit organisations and communities. Secondly, studies on PPPs have increasingly focused on the level of engagement of stakeholders, the link between PPPs and their territory and the communities in which they are developed. This progressively led to ecosystem perspectives and a shift of research trends towards studies of meso PPP (i.e. PPPs implemented on a territorial basis) and MSPs. Thirdly, the crisis has increased attention to the creation of value in PPP projects. Value is interpreted in terms of generation not...
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