A Comparative Analysis of European Models
This book contributes to the debate on the emerging governance systems and management models of the cultural sector by means of a comparative analysis of significant case studies of public-private partnerships in Europe.
The research focuses on the development of public-private collaborations over the last five decades and investigates the emergence of multi-stakeholder partnerships in the cultural and creative field. The results of the analysis are interpreted in light of the discussion on the need to create integrated cultural systems at a local level that bring together cultural organizations, public authorities, citizens and communities. These territorial cultural ecosystems could unlock the potential of the cultural and creative sector and stimulate new ways to promote the cultural identity of the territory, giving a new role to cultural and creative organizations.
Chapter III. The Development of PPPs in Europe
The Development of PPPs in Europe
This chapter aims at analysing the development of PPPs in Europe, providing a longitudinal overview of the changing approaches to PPPs, while also focusing on the changes implemented in terms of PPP perspectives over recent years, as a result of the impact of the economic and financial crisis on the PPP European market.
The chapter is divided into two main sections.
The first section provides an overview of the conceptual and theoretical development of the approach to PPP. This section explores the main documents issued at the EU level concerning PPPs, with a longitudinal perspective on the development of the European approach to PPPs. The analysis highlights how the initial interest of European authorities in PPPs was mainly of a regulatory type: attention was paid primarily to providing a definition of the main PPP structures in terms of governance and management schemes, risk allocation, financial arrangements and procurement procedures. Guidelines and policy documents were issued to provide guidance mainly to public authorities interested in developing PPP projects and the focus was mainly on infrastructures and facilities’s PPP schemes. This initial phase was followed by a second phase, in which the phenomenon was considered within the framework of the broader economic scenario in Europe, in which the need for central governance was expressed by the creation of a central European PPP Expertise Centre as a joint initiative of the European Investment Bank and the European...
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