A New Paradigm for Cultural Diplomacy and Arts Management
European cultural policy is based on the exchange of artists. It has devoted decades to the objective of encouraging dialogue and enabling cooperative production; especially between the countries of the so-called ‘Global North’ and ‘Global South’. Cultural policy makers and agents in Europe, such as those working in cultural institutions and at the ministries responsible for cultural relations, constantly stress their claims of a ‘dialogue of equals’. However, if and how cultural cooperations really are in practice brought to life on equal terms is an open question.
Annika Hampel analyzes the working conditions of partnerships to understand how current artistic collaborations function, what structures and processes they involve, on what premises and within what frameworks the collaborators work, and what challenges they have to cope with.The foundation of her reflections are the experiences and insights of actors in cooperative projects who are responsible for the implementation of the goals of the European Cultural Policies in practice.
Annika Hampel uses five case studies, which offer insights across the spectrum of artistic cooperation, to display the wide range of Indo-German collaborations in the arts. From her analysis of the practical reality, Annika Hampel develops and proposes cultural and political measures to foster a new culture of international cooperation on an equal footing. The author shows how to minimize power relations, promote cultural diversity, and exploit the underused potential of cooperative work.
2. Artistic Cooperation and Cultural Diplomacy. Clarification of Terms
Artistic Cooperation and Cultural Diplomacy
Clarification of Terms
Chapter 2 lays the theoretical foundation of this investigation of artistic cooperations. What is the difference between Cooperations, Networks, Exchange, and Dialogue? In this chapter, the crucial terms used in this study will be defined and placed in relation to one another (cf. Ch. 2.1). Developments in the FCP will be presented using German government documents, as well as agendas and action plans from political and international organisations such as UNESCO. Detail will be provided on the most relevant and current concepts, with a focus on international cooperations in the arts under the FCP (cf. Ch. 2.2).1 In conclusion, the sociological theory of social capital, which forms the basis of all cooperations, will be presented and coupled to this investigation (cf. Ch. 2.3).
2.1 Cooperation: Defining the Term
Cooperation is the central term of this study. The term cooperation describes: “working together, particularly in the areas of politics or economics.”2 Its synonyms include “partnership” and “collaboration”.3 The Indian interview partners preferred to speak of “collaboration”. The author has therefore included this term in her conversations with them, however, as the word collaboration, particularly in German usage, can also be understood to encompass cooperation with an enemy power or occupying force against the interest of one’s own country, she has not made use of it herself.
In parallel to the term cooperation itself, the terms network, dialogue, exchange, partnership, and...
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