Edited By Rafael Ravina Ripoll, Luis Bayardo Tobar Pesántez, Araceli Galiano Coronil and José Marchena Dominguez
In these moments of health crisis, happiness management and social marketing are not teaching that it is possible to build a more committed, innovative and productive society. To achieve this end, countries and organizations must undertake a wave of human resource policies and actions that stimulate individuals’ happiness and creativity. In this way, a new economy can emerge that holistically promotes social welfare, equality, and talent.
Assessing the citizens´ well-being needs in OECD countries using Rasch Model: Manuela Ortega-Gil, María Jesús Delgado-Rodríguez and Georgina Cortes-Sierra
Manuela Ortega-Gil, María Jesús Delgado-Rodríguez and Georgina Cortes-Sierra
Abstract The aim of this chapter is to obtain a latent variable Citizens´ Well-being Needs (CWN) from a wide array of subjective and objective items provided by OECD1 Better Life Index indicators using the Rasch Model. The Rasch analysis has displayed that the items studied produce acceptable data-model fit and reliability to measure a hierarchy of needs in well-being according to their coverage across countries. Results show that the essential and basics needs are covered across all the countries but there are higher needs that require to be promoted to increase well-being. The scale classification obtained for CWN by Rasch measure also offer valuable information that allows to obtain a hierarchy of countries: Denmark, Iceland, Australia, Finland, Canada, United States, New Zealand, and Sweden are the countries that cover most of the needs reaching a high level in the CWN, but Brazil, Turkey, Mexico and South Africa are countries that only cover essential and necessary needs, obtaining low levels in the CWN.
Keywords: well-beinghierarchy of needsRasch Modelmultidimensional database
There is a growing concern about the importance of measuring and understanding the well-being of the citizens in a country (Cummins et al., 2003; Cordero et al., 2017). We can find a great number of measures of well-being in literature, that although interesting do not get to capture completely the well-being of a society and its people. This is the case of the figures for national GDP2 per capita, life expectancy and literacy rates. From them, the measurement...
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