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Textual Healing: Studies in Medieval English Medical, Scientific and Technical Texts

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Javier E. Díaz Vera and Rosario Caballero

The studies presented in this volume concentrate on different aspects of the medical, scientific and technical varieties of early English used in a wide range of medieval manuscripts. As the growing body of research published in recent years has shown, analysing the language of specialised texts is an opportunity to obtain access to the early history and vernacularisation of learned writing styles. It is an area of study in which all the contributors have considerable expertise, which affords them to present data findings while discussing important methodological issues. In addition, in most cases data derive from specially-designed ‘second-generation’ corpora, reflecting state-of-the-art approaches to historical linguistics, discourse analysis and pragmatics. Theoretical issues concerning the digital edition of medical and scientific texts, their role in social network analysis, and their value in the identification of dialectal specific traits are highlighted by the authors.

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NADIA OBEGI-GALLARDO

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Lexical study of The Book of Operation (G.U.L. MS Hunter 95 (T.4.12) ff. 82r -156v): illnesses and treatment.1 1. Introduction The treatise under scrutiny is a medieval scientific text entitled Book of Operation (hereafter referred as BO), housed in G.U.L. MS Hunter 95 (T. 4. 12). The first contact with this treatise took place in Glasgow as a result of a research period in that university where the edition of the BO began. After having worked with the manuscript itself at the Hunterian Library, a microfilmed copy was used and, in the last stage of the study, the digital edition allowed the analysis of the volume in more detail and in an easier way. In this case, a lexical study of the text is provided, which focuses on the field of illnesses and remedies, and the specific vocabulary employed during surgical operations. Therefore, in light of these issues, the aims of this paper are the following: a) to classify the remedies mentioned in BO, mostly plant names, into compound or simple nouns and, more specifically, analyze the etimology and permanence of these words through time together with their collocations; b) to provide a classification of the illnesses mentioned in the treatise, attending to their survival until Present Day English (PDE); c) to study those verbs which help the scribe explain the surgical operations and other ways of healing; and d) to explain the main surgical instruments and treatments which are 1 The present study has been funded by the Spanish...

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