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ILO Histories

Essays on the International Labour Organization and Its Impact on the World During the Twentieth Century


Edited By Jasmien Van Daele, Magaly Rodriguez Garcia and Geert van Goethem

In 2009, the International Labour Organization (ILO) celebrated its ninetieth anniversary. The First World War and the revolutionary wave it provoked in Russia and elsewhere were powerful inspirations for the founding of the ILO. There was a growing understanding that social justice, in particular by improving labour conditions, was an essential precondition for universal peace. Since then, the ILO has seen successes and set-backs; it has been ridiculed and praised. Much has been written about the ILO; there are semi-official histories and some critical studies on the organization’s history have recently been published. Yet, further source-based critical and comprehensive analyses of the organization’s origins and development are still lacking. The present collection of eighteen essays is an attempt to change this unsatisfactory situation by complementing those histories that already exist, exploring new topics, and offering new perspectives. It is guided by the observation that the ILO’s history is not primarily about «elaborating beautiful texts and collecting impressive instruments for ratification» but about effecting «real change and more happiness in peoples’ lives».


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List of Acronyms 517


List of Acronyms 6;A American Federation of Labor 6;G8 African Regional Conference 6A6> Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale 6B6 American Management Association 6G8 Asian Regional Conference 7>I Bureau international du Travail 8 Convention 86I Cabinet Albert Thomas 8868 Churchill College Archives Centre, Cambridge 8;6 Committee on Freedom of Association 8;9I Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail 8D Congress of Industrial Organizations 8>DH Comité International d’Organisation Scientifique 8>H8 Confédération Internationale des Syndicats Chrétiens 8>I> Confédération Internationale des Travailleurs Intellectuels = >;8IJ 8C7DH Comité National Belge d’Organisation Scientifique 8CD; Comité National de l’Organisation Française 8CI Comisión Nacional de Trabajo 8H8: Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe 8I> Confédération des Travailleurs Intellectuels 8JI6 Conducción Unificada de los Trabajadores 96BE David A. Morse Papers, Seeley G. Mudd Rare Manuscript Library, Princeton 9AD=>HIDG>:H :8DHD8 Economic and Social Council (JC) :C>DH Ente Nazionale Italiano per l’Organizzazione Scientifica :EI6 Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (JC) :GE European Recovery Plan :IJ8 European Trade Union Confederation ;6D Food and Agriculture Organization (JC) ;D British Foreign Office AD) 6AA International Association for Labour Legislation >8;IJ International Confederation of Free Trade Unions >8LL International Congress of Working Women >96 International Development Association >;8IJ International Federation of Christian Trade Unions = 8>H8 >;IJ International Federation of Trade Unions >>AH International Institute for Labour Studies (>AD) >>H= International Institute of Social History >A8 International Labour Conference >AD...

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