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Modernity and Early Cultures

Reconsidering non western references for modern architecture in a cross-cultural perspective

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Edited By Anna Minta and Bernd Nicolai

At the beginning of the 20th century, the discovery of early cultures exerted a formative influence on modern architecture. Discussions on early civilizations in the Middle East, South-East Asia, and the pre-Columbian cultures of North and South America as well as new perceptions of archaism and primitivism revolutionized the production of art and architecture.
In this anthology, European and North and South American scholars from various fields address art and architectural theory to show the avant-garde’s historical relation to archaeology and its influence on the development of Modernism. Contributors include Can Bilsel (San Diego), Luis E. Carranza (Rhode Island), Johannes Cramer (Berlin), Christian Freigang (Frankfurt), Maria P. Gindhart (Atlanta), Jorge F. Liernur (Buenos Aires), Anna Minta (Bern), and Bernd Nicolai (Bern).

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THOMAS W. GAEHTGENS Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 BERND NICOLAI, LUIS E. CARRANZA Modernity and Early Cultures – an outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Oriental Projections CAN BILSEL Architecture in the Museum: Theodor Wiegand and the Reproduction of Antiquity in Berlin’s Pergamon Museum . . . . . . 19 JOHANNES CRAMER Rebuilding the Past. The Mesopotamia of Robert Koldewey and Walter Andrae and the Berlin Architecture in the Twenties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 ANNA MINTA „Gebautes und Gottgeschaffenes“. Vorstellungen vom Orient und einem biblischen Hebräertum in der jüdischen Architektur in Palästina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 English Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Readings and Misreadings in East and West CHRISTIAN FREIGANG Klassik vs. Antiklassik: Zur Rezeption von nicht- westlichen Kulturen in den französischen Architekturdebatten im ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 English Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 MARIA P. GINDHART Primitive Decoration: Belle Époque Sculpture Programs for Parisian Scientific Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 BERND NICOLAI „Gegenstandslose Architektur“. Außereuropäische Hochkulturen im Diskurs der beginnenden klassischen Moderne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 English Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 LUIS E. CARRANZA (Mis)readings of Ancient History and Culture in Modern North America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 JORGE FRANCISCO LIERNUR Native-American Cultures and the Construction of Modern European Architectural Imaginary. Notes for a Preliminary Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

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