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New Trends and Methodologies in Applied English Language Research II

Studies in Language Variation, Meaning and Learning

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Edited By David Tizón Couto, Beatriz Tizon-Couto, Iria Pastor-Gomez and Maurizio Gotti

This volume has its origin in a selection of the papers presented at the Second ELC International Postgraduate Conference on English Linguistics (ELC2), held at the University of Vigo in October 2009 and designed and organised by postgraduate students belonging to the English Departments of the Universities of Vigo and Santiago de Compostela. The purpose of the conference was to allow young professional researchers to share and survey their current views on linguistic research. Four of the ten chapters included address the diachronic change undergone by particular lexical items, namely the morphosemantic change illustrated by the development of the morpheme punk, the historical evolution of including and included, the origin and semantics of the expletive form adsheartlikins, and the structure and distribution of nominalisations referring to actions or processes. Variation is also approached from a diatopic perspective in the study of expressions of obligation and necessity ( must and have to) in New Englishes, the distribution and functions of the discourse marker eh in Channel Island English, and regional variability of vowel phonology in Scottish Standard English. Lastly, three studies address semantics and culture in the field of L2 learning. These contributions focus on the assessment of Lexical Frequency Profile applications in the analysis of Romanian learner English, the role of cultural knowledge in the learning process of English as an International Language, and L1 typicality effects in L2 vocabulary learning.

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VERA VÁZQUEZ-LÓPEZ - Nominalisations in Early Modern English: Internal Structure, Development and Suffixal Productivity 223

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VERA VÁZQUEZ-LÓPEZ Nominalisations in Early Modern English: Internal Structure, Development and Suffixal Productivity1 1. Introduction In discussing the distinction between nouns and verbs, it is generally agreed that nouns tend to refer to entities, and verbs to actions and pro- cesses. However, when we examine real data, we see that this distinc- tion is not so clear-cut, and that borderline cases exist. Among these is the kind of nominalisation2 that constitutes the focus of this study, that which does not refer to concrete entities but to actions or processes, including examples such as variation, nourishment and annoying. Nom- inalisations have received much attention in the literature, and their analysis has been discussed from many different perspectives, whether descriptively or from more theoretical orientations; see, for instance, Grimshaw (1990), Picallo (1999) and Bauer/Huddleston (2002), among many others. This study seeks to provide a fresh look at the field, since it uses real data retrieved from a corpus of earlier English. More specifi- 1 For generous financial support I am grateful to the European Regional Devel- opment Fund and the following institutions: Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grants HUM2007-60706 and FFI2011-26693-C02-01), Autonomous Government of Galicia (grant CN2011/011) and Spanish Minis- try of Education (FPU grant 2007-04509). Many thanks also to Teresa Fanego and María José López-Couso for valuable comments and feedback on an ear- lier version of this chapter. 2 The term ‘nominalisation’ is used here in a broad sense, to subsume both nominalisations proper, that is...

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