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Trends in Phonetics and Phonology

Studies from German-speaking Europe

Edited By Adrian Leemann, Marie-José Kolly, Stephan Schmid and Volker Dellwo

This volume was inspired by the 9th edition of the Phonetik & Phonologie conference, held in Zurich in October 2013. It includes state of the art research on phonetics and phonology in various languages and from interdisciplinary contributors. The volume is structured into the following eight sections: segmentals, suprasegmentals, articulation in spoken and sign language, perception, phonology, crowdsourcing phonetic data, second language speech, and arts (with inevitable overlap between these areas).
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The role of longterm acquaintances in speech accommodation

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Abstract

Studies of speech accommodation observe almost exclusively accommodation processes between newly acquainted speakers. Despite the fact interactional experience over time was found to increase inter-speaker convergence, studies of inter-personal speech accommodation seldom look at long-term effects on accommodation patterns. The case-study reported here compares convergence levels between speakers in three interactional contexts, reflecting long-term, short-term and zero accommodation. It shows advantage for long-term accommodation over other conditions in presenting consistent and robust evidence for phonetic convergence between interlocutors with regard to global phonetic features characterizing their speech.

Keywords

Phonetic convergence, accommodation theory

*   Corresponding author: yshai.kalmanovitch@uzh.ch

a   Phonetics Laboratory, Department of Comparative Linguistics, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 54, 8032 Zürich, Switzerland ← 93 | 94 →

1.0   Background

The Speech Accommodation Theory, developed by Giles, Coupland and others since the end of the 1970’s (Giles et al. 1991), describes temporary shifts in interlocutors’ speech in interaction, converging towards or diverging from each other. This phenomenon is often described as reflecting social solidarity or distance between interlocutors (Giles et al., 1991; Pardo, 2006). As such, it is described as a dynamic process, displaying changing trends and intensities within the same interaction, motivated by changes in social attitude (Bourhis & Giles, 1977), communicative role and status (Pardo, 2006) etc.

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