Show Less
Restricted access

Vox & Silentium

Études de linguistique et littérature romanes – Studi di linguistica e letteratura romanza – Estudios de lingüística y literatura románicas

Edited By Gina Maria Schneider, Maria Chiara Janner and Bénédicte Élie

Voix et silence se considèrent traditionnellement comme deux phénomènes opposés, s’excluant l’un l’autre. Les contributions contenues dans ce volume se proposent de dépasser une telle conception, en se centrant non seulement sur la valeur et les fonctions que les deux concepts peuvent recouvrir, mais aussi sur la relation complexe qui existe entre eux en linguistique et en littérature. Outre les deux pôles constitués par la voix et le silence, on peut repérer dans le domaine des langues romanes une grande variété de voix silencieuses ou de silences expressifs : la communication non verbale et son interaction avec le langage verbal, les différentes voix (plus ou moins silencieuses) donnant expression à ce qui ne peut pas être dit, ou bien la représentation graphique – et donc apparemment « muette » – d’un phénomène potentiellement acoustique. Le cri silencieux de Daphné, rendu visible dans la sculpture de Gian Lorenzo Bernini illustrant la couverture, est la manifestation figurative de cette rencontre oxymorique entre la voix et le silence.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

III Résumés

← 258 | 259 →III

Résumés
← 259 | 260 →

Extract

← 260 | 261 →VOLKER DELLWO

What does voice and silence tell us about speaker identity? An introduction to temporal speaker individualities and their use for forensic speaker comparison

Speakers’ voices are to a high degree individual. The present paper outlines how temporal characteristics of human speech (e.g. segmental or prosodic timing patterns, speech rhythmic characteristics and durational patterns of voicing) contribute to speaker individuality. On a practical level we will see how knowledge about temporal differences between speakers can be applied for forensic phonetic voice comparisons. Speaker idiosyncratic characteristics have predominantly been studied based on frequency characteristics of a speaker’s voice (e.g. fundamental frequency of vocal fold vibration and vocal tract resonances like vocalic formant frequencies). It has been demonstrated that such frequency content is directly influenced by idiosyncratic anatomical features of a speaker’s organs of speech (in particular the size of the larynx and lengths of the vocal tract cavities) which limit the range of certain spectral variables and can thus contribute to making speakers’ voices individual. Experience taught us, however, that there are limits in identifying speakers based on spectral parameters alone. It is therefore necessary to explore other dimensions in speech where idiosyncratic information is encoded. Such a dimension is ‘time’, which thus far has been paid little attention to. This is surprising because research from other domains such as motion pattern recognition has demonstrated convincingly that humans have highly individual ways in which they move and that individuals can be identified, for example,...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.