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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Edited By Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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Europa federata and the European Federalist Movement: Davide Baviello


Europa federata and the European Federalist Movement


The Bulletins of 1947 and 1948

In 1947-1960 there are two phases in the European integration process. The Marshall Plan in June 1947 starts first phase. The United States believed important to promote integration in Europe. This phase last up to French National Assembly votes against European Defence Community (EDC) on August 30, 1954. During this period, European Federalist Movement (MFE, Movimento Federalista Europeo) influences De Gasperi’s Governments to promote European unity. EDC failure happens when Stalin’s death facilitates East-West distension, weakens American support to European integration and softens fear of German rearmament. After 1954 relations of MFE with democratic parties worsen and the international federalist organization splits.

MFE was founded in Milan (1943), where the Bollettino d’informazioni del MFE was published for the first time in 1947. Guglielmo Usellini was the author of Bollettino, that reported news inside the Movement, with few copies designed to the local leaders. After the election of Altiero Spinelli as secretary-general of the Movement, head office of MFE moved to Rome (June 1948). The bulletin published seven issues, while the Movement was led by a collegial direction, because there wasn’t a secretary-general.

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