Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Europa federata and the European Federalist Movement: Davide Baviello
Europa federata and the European Federalist Movement
The Bulletins of 1947 and 1948
In 1947-1960 there are two phases in the European integration process. The Marshall Plan in June 1947 starts first phase. The United States believed important to promote integration in Europe. This phase last up to French National Assembly votes against European Defence Community (EDC) on August 30, 1954. During this period, European Federalist Movement (MFE, Movimento Federalista Europeo) influences De Gasperi’s Governments to promote European unity. EDC failure happens when Stalin’s death facilitates East-West distension, weakens American support to European integration and softens fear of German rearmament. After 1954 relations of MFE with democratic parties worsen and the international federalist organization splits.
MFE was founded in Milan (1943), where the Bollettino d’informazioni del MFE was published for the first time in 1947. Guglielmo Usellini was the author of Bollettino, that reported news inside the Movement, with few copies designed to the local leaders. After the election of Altiero Spinelli as secretary-general of the Movement, head office of MFE moved to Rome (June 1948). The bulletin published seven issues, while the Movement was led by a collegial direction, because there wasn’t a secretary-general.
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