Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
Edited By Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi
The Debate on the United States of Europe in European Local Authority Newspapers: Fabio Zucca
The Debate on the United States of Europe in European Local Authority Newspapers
In his speech to the delegates of the Council of European Municipalities (CEM),1 the most important organization of European local authorities (founded in 1951), held in Frascati in December 1957, Pius XII stated that the “voice of the local authorities, their aspirations and concerns represent factors that could inspire and provide concrete measures in favor of a federal union in Europe”. He went on to add that, “thanks to its many centers of operation”, the organization of European municipalities could be a “fundamental factor in carrying out an effective information campaign in support of the federalist idea”.2 The ← 57 | 58 → Pope had thus understood one of the essential elements in the action of the most important associations of European local authorities: the information campaign in favor of a United States of Europe.3 The following instruments were available to carry forward this campaign: the contacts among the local administrators, the direct dissemination of information in the individual municipalities, the pressure brought to bear on the political parties and the trade unions, the direct participation in, or the support of, the actions of the Europeanist movements, and, above all, the spreading of the idea of a possible federal union on the continent which, starting from the municipalities, would lead to a United States of Europe.
To this end, the various national movements of the local authorities first acted to...
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