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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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“The Ballots Return the Rebirth of a Continent”. The First European Parliament Elections as Seen in Opinion Dailies: Antonio Maria Orecchia

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“The Ballots Return the Rebirth of a Continent”. The First European Parliament Elections as Seen in Opinion Dailies

Antonio Maria ORECCHIA

United Europe is opposed by those who openly declare themselves against unity, like the gollists, the French communists (also the Italians until a few years ago) and a large part of the English labourists. But Europe is also hindered by those who restrict themselves to mere verbal expressions and do not practically do anything in favor of the ideal they affirm to support with enthusiasm. The second group of opponents is more insidious and less sincere than the first. Some managers of the Italian parties could be included in the latter.1

Domenico Bartoli’s emotional outburst, in Il Giornale as of 13 May 1979, did not only refer to the government decision to separate the vote for the general and European elections and fix it in two consecutive weeks (3-4 and 10 June), but even to president Pertini’s decision to dissolve Parliament. He thought they would have had to “let only the elections for Europe to be carried out […], which would probably start a new chapter in the history of our continent”.

This was no isolated denounce in the news industry – and it was wholly justified: in fact, in 1979 the electoral campaign of the European Parliament by universal suffrage lasted only four days. A campaign which was, moreover, dominated by “Europessimism”, a term that had occurred on the newspaper pages long...

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