Journals and European Integration 1939–1979
“A Socialist Alternative for Europe”: The European Question in Critica Sociale, Avanti! and Mondoperaio in the Seventies: Laura Grazi
“A Socialist Alternative for Europe”: The European Question in Critica Sociale, Avanti! and Mondoperaio in the Seventies
The Italian Socialist Party and European Unity in the Seventies through the Socialist Press
Since the twenties, genuine lively pro-European ideas have not been lacking in the varied Italian socialist world. Examples include notions on the United States of Europe formulated between the two world wars by the gradualist-reformist component represented by Claudio Treves and Filippo Turati, the contribution of Ignazio Silone during his exile in Switzerland, and reference to a federation of free European states in the declaration that formed part of the reconstruction programme of the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity (PSIUP) in 1944, by Eugenio Colorni and Mario Zagari.1 However, in the immediate post-war period, in the context of the cold war and the rigid ideological contraposition of the political forces, these seeds did not always fall on fertile ground. ← 437 | 438 →
In particular, after the split of the reformist wing guided by Giuseppe Saragat, who in 1947 founded the Italian Workers’ Socialist Party (later Italian Social-democratic Party – PSDI), in which the pro-Atlantic choice played a primary role,2 the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), already closely linked to the Communist Party by the pact on unity of action, confirmed the path of solidarity with the Soviet Union and interpreted pro-Europeanism as a manifestation of Atlanticism. In this context, the unification of Western Europe was considered as a project within...
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