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Communicating Europe

Journals and European Integration 1939–1979

Edited By Daniele Pasquinucci, Daniela Preda and Luciano Tosi

This volume is dedicated to the debate on European unification developed between the end of World War II and 1979 in two types of magazines. The first type of magazines are those not exclusively dedicated to the «European» themes, but particularly significant for the impact they had in the cultural-political debate and in the concrete unfolding of the process of European integration; while the second type are militant magazines, belonging to the European and federalist area, whose proactive role was fundamental both for the theoretical elaboration of the ideas as the basis of the future of the European continent, and for the practical propaganda. All these publications contributed in different ways to the spread of knowledge of European integration, of its implications and of its political, social and economic consequences. No less important – and this is the third type of journals taken into consideration in the book – has been the birth and development of magazines directly sponsored by the Community institutions, whose action was framed within a real «European communication», made by the EC institutions, particularly the Commission in Brussels, since their origins.
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“A Socialist Alternative for Europe”: The European Question in Critica Sociale, Avanti! and Mondoperaio in the Seventies: Laura Grazi

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“A Socialist Alternative for Europe”: The European Question in Critica Sociale, Avanti! and Mondoperaio in the Seventies

Laura GRAZI

The Italian Socialist Party and European Unity in the Seventies through the Socialist Press

Since the twenties, genuine lively pro-European ideas have not been lacking in the varied Italian socialist world. Examples include notions on the United States of Europe formulated between the two world wars by the gradualist-reformist component represented by Claudio Treves and Filippo Turati, the contribution of Ignazio Silone during his exile in Switzerland, and reference to a federation of free European states in the declaration that formed part of the reconstruction programme of the Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity (PSIUP) in 1944, by Eugenio Colorni and Mario Zagari.1 However, in the immediate post-war period, in the context of the cold war and the rigid ideological contraposition of the political forces, these seeds did not always fall on fertile ground. ← 437 | 438 →

In particular, after the split of the reformist wing guided by Giuseppe Saragat, who in 1947 founded the Italian Workers’ Socialist Party (later Italian Social-democratic Party – PSDI), in which the pro-Atlantic choice played a primary role,2 the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), already closely linked to the Communist Party by the pact on unity of action, confirmed the path of solidarity with the Soviet Union and interpreted pro-Europeanism as a manifestation of Atlanticism. In this context, the unification of Western Europe was considered as a project within...

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