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Agricultural Knowledge and Knowledge Systems in Post-Soviet Societies

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Edited By Anna-Katharina Hornidge, Anastasiya Shtaltovna and Conrad Schetter

This volume addresses the crucial role of knowledge and innovation in coping with and adapting to socio-economic and political transformation processes in post-Soviet societies. Unique are the bottom up or micro-sociological and ethnographic perspectives offered by the book on the processes of post-Soviet transformations in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus. Three thematic fields form the structuring frame: cultures of knowledge production and sharing in agriculture; local governance arrangements and knowledge production; and finally, the present situation of agricultural advisory services development.
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Scientific Knowledge of Dryland Pastoral System Development in Uzbekistan

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Introduction

Natural rangelands of Uzbekistan occupy 23 million ha – nearly half of its geographic territory – and supply over 30% of the country’s meat output, 60% of its wool, and food and shelter for more than 2 million rural people. Over 40% of dryland pastures in Uzbekistan are currently being degraded and have reached different levels of degradation (Ahmedov et al., 2009; Makhmudov, 2011). These areas are characterized by 25%–30% lower productivity, by livestock mismanagement and overgrazing, by soil erosion and desertification, by water salinity, and by obsolete infrastructure (Ahmedov et al., 2009).

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