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Agricultural Knowledge and Knowledge Systems in Post-Soviet Societies

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Edited By Anna-Katharina Hornidge, Anastasiya Shtaltovna and Conrad Schetter

This volume addresses the crucial role of knowledge and innovation in coping with and adapting to socio-economic and political transformation processes in post-Soviet societies. Unique are the bottom up or micro-sociological and ethnographic perspectives offered by the book on the processes of post-Soviet transformations in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus. Three thematic fields form the structuring frame: cultures of knowledge production and sharing in agriculture; local governance arrangements and knowledge production; and finally, the present situation of agricultural advisory services development.
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Investments in Agriculture in Northern Tajikistan: Considering the Dehqon Farm

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Introduction

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the national independence of the Republic of Tajikistan, individual agricultural production has widely replaced collective farming. However, dismantling and transforming the Soviet kolkhoz and sovkhoz system still did not lead to a plurality of market-oriented agricultural enterprises. In remote, mountainous areas such as the Zarafshan Valley in northern Tajikistan the process of the individualization of agricultural production is ongoing and so far led merely to a small number of clearly market-oriented private farming enterprises. Local farming households predominantly continue to produce for self-consumption and remain reluctant to change the legal status of their farm in order to fully engage in market-oriented farming for a number of reasons. An unconvincing economic outlook and the high degree of government interference appear as the main disincentives. Hence, this chapter explains why many of the farming households are hesitant to invest in innovations that aim at a productivity increase and economic growth.

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