“There is a New Law?” Experiences from the Implementation of a Pasture Governance Reform in Kyrgyzstan
In 2009, community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) was introduced in the Kyrgyz pasture sector. A new law “on pastures” shifted pasture management authority from state bodies to community-level organizations, called pasture user unions (PUUs). The law endowed executive bodies of these PUUs, so called pasture committees (PCs), with pasture management rights, pasture use fee determination and fee collection and conflict resolution authority. In Kyrgyzstan, the government’s implementation strategy authorized a semipublic agency to implement the law “on pastures”. This Community Development and Investment Agency (ARIS) and its municipality level workers – community development support officers (CDSOs) – were, from summer 2009 on, responsible for what the agency called “mobilization” and implementation of an awareness-creation campaign. In addition, their key task was the establishment of PUUs and PCs at municipality level.
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