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Agricultural Knowledge and Knowledge Systems in Post-Soviet Societies


Anna-Katharina Hornidge, Anastasiya Shtaltovna and Conrad Schetter

This volume addresses the crucial role of knowledge and innovation in coping with and adapting to socio-economic and political transformation processes in post-Soviet societies. Unique are the bottom up or micro-sociological and ethnographic perspectives offered by the book on the processes of post-Soviet transformations in Central Asia and the Southern Caucasus. Three thematic fields form the structuring frame: cultures of knowledge production and sharing in agriculture; local governance arrangements and knowledge production; and finally, the present situation of agricultural advisory services development.
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“There is a New Law?” Experiences from the Implementation of a Pasture Governance Reform in Kyrgyzstan




In 2009, community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) was introduced in the Kyrgyz pasture sector. A new law “on pastures” shifted pasture management authority from state bodies to community-level organizations, called pasture user unions (PUUs). The law endowed executive bodies of these PUUs, so called pasture committees (PCs), with pasture management rights, pasture use fee determination and fee collection and conflict resolution authority. In Kyrgyzstan, the government’s implementation strategy authorized a semipublic agency to implement the law “on pastures”. This Community Development and Investment Agency (ARIS) and its municipality level workers – community development support officers (CDSOs) – were, from summer 2009 on, responsible for what the agency called “mobilization” and implementation of an awareness-creation campaign. In addition, their key task was the establishment of PUUs and PCs at municipality level.

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