Advances and challenges
Edited By Gabriel Quiroz Herrera and Pedro Patino Garcia
Metaphor in Colombian Slang: A Quantitative Analysis: Juan Manuel Pérez
JUAN MANUEL PÉREZ1
Metaphor in Colombian Slang: A Quantitative Analysis
Metaphor was originally studied as a rhetorical and stylistic figure of speech. It was not until the late 19th century, with the birth of semantics, that the relationships established between the original meaning and metaphorical senses of a lexical unit began to be analyzed in order to determine regularities in the mechanisms we use to create metaphorical relationships.
More recently, metaphor has been studied from the point of view of cognitive science, especially since the publishing of the work by Lakoff and Johnson (1980), as a mental process by which humans use pre-existing concepts to understand new ideas through comparison. Those comparisons are based on our physicality, and on the way we perceive the world through our mind and our senses. This theory has been called Conceptual Metaphor Theory. And according to it, language is merely the medium we use to express mental connections we make between concepts that usually would only be related through some kind of similarity. In addition, these connections usually have a corporal, sensorial and socio-cultural base. Accordingly, Knowles and Moon (2006: 3) define metaphor as: