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The Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ Implied in the Image of the Paschal Lamb in 1 Cor 5:7

An Intertextual, Exegetical and Theological Study


Jacob Paxy Alumkal

St. Paul uses the image of Paschal Lamb only once. What is the real meaning of this symbol in his theology? It symbolises the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ but with a different emphasis. What does he emphasize?
The aim of this study is to show the exegetical meaning of 1 Cor 5:7 in order to have an overt theological emphasis of the imagery used in this particular context. The linguistic analysis from a historical critical method is used here to arrive at its theological significance. The study propounds the meaning, reality and the significance of the Hebrew original Paschal celebration and its commemoration from Semetical, Hellenistical and Greco-Roman culture and as understood in the OT Scriptures of various periods. The result is quite different from the hitherto theological understanding of the symbol and its significance. Paul is the first NT theologian to use this symbol and others have followed him with varying degrees of understanding of this symbol. A comparative study on this is made in this book. It shows to what extent it is relevant for Christians in postmodern Europe and India.
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Chapter 3. 1 Cor 5:6–8 An Exegetical and Theological Analysis with an Emphasis on the Paschal Lamb Significance


Chapter 3 1 Cor. 5:6–8 An Exegetical and Theological Analysis with an Emphasis on the Paschal Lamb Significance

3.1 Background Study

“Not for everyone is the journey to Corinth”448 – this was the slogan in which the city of Corinth took pride. It shows the environment of Corinth; and Paul’s evangelization of Corinth shows his mentality449. Paul accepted this challenge and won to plant the seed of gospel in the most difficult part of commercial centre where the one true god was money. Therefore before we go in to the exegetical analysis we need to have a bird’s eye view of the historical geographical and cultural background of Corinth at the time of Paul with the intention to understand more deeply the views of Paul. We examine only those points which are inevitable to our studies.

3.1.1 General Background of the Letter and the Text

For a historical critical approach to the text the study of the general background of the letter and particular text is inevitable. Pauline thinking articulated in words are based on time and space. The theological truths and moral teachings that he reveals surpasses the historical and geographical dimensions of the letter. ← 143 | 144 → Place and People

Corinth was the centre of Paul’s missionary work in Greece450. It was not only the centre of his missionary work but also to a certain extent the centre of his theological explorations451 and ethical...

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