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The Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ Implied in the Image of the Paschal Lamb in 1 Cor 5:7

An Intertextual, Exegetical and Theological Study


Jacob Paxy Alumkal

St. Paul uses the image of Paschal Lamb only once. What is the real meaning of this symbol in his theology? It symbolises the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ but with a different emphasis. What does he emphasize?
The aim of this study is to show the exegetical meaning of 1 Cor 5:7 in order to have an overt theological emphasis of the imagery used in this particular context. The linguistic analysis from a historical critical method is used here to arrive at its theological significance. The study propounds the meaning, reality and the significance of the Hebrew original Paschal celebration and its commemoration from Semetical, Hellenistical and Greco-Roman culture and as understood in the OT Scriptures of various periods. The result is quite different from the hitherto theological understanding of the symbol and its significance. Paul is the first NT theologian to use this symbol and others have followed him with varying degrees of understanding of this symbol. A comparative study on this is made in this book. It shows to what extent it is relevant for Christians in postmodern Europe and India.
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Chapter 4. Post Pauline Concept of the Lamb in the NT with Similar Theological Nuances


Chapter 4 Post Pauline Concept of the Lamb in the NT with Similar Theological Nuances


We have seen that the symbolic use of the Passover Lamb by Paul, first and foremost refers to the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ and its salvific consequences upon the humanity. The concept of Lamb in relation to Jesus is not exclusively Pauline but belongs to the first Christian communities. Hence we find the use of Lamb symbolism in various New Testament Texts too. These various New Testament Lamb symbolisms are not mutually exclusive but complementary. The reason for this chapter could be found in the following words: If there was no mentioning of Jesus Christ as the Passover lamb by Paul in 1 Cor. 5:7 the meaning of Jn 1:29, 1 Pet and Revelations would have explained that the reference is not to the Passover lamb but to something else974. So Pauline concept becomes the written source of other NT concepts of the paschal lamb.

There are mainly three terms used in the NT to indicate Jesus as the lamb: Paul calls him explicitly as our Passover “pa,sca” (1 Cor. 5:7); Gospel of John as “avmno,j” and Book of Revelation as “avrni,on”. Here we have a short analysis of the use of Lamb (particularly Passover Lamb) symbolism in the NT which indicates Jesus Christ and his mission and particularly his death and resurrection for the salvation of the whole universe....

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