Trends in corpus specialisation: Ana Díaz-Negrillo, Francisco Javier Díaz-Pérez
ANA DÍAZ-NEGRILLO / FRANCISCO JAVIER DÍAZ-PÉREZ
Trends in corpus specialisation
Computerised corpus linguistics set off around the 1960s with the compilation and exploitation of the first reference corpus of the English language. Over 50 years later, reference corpora are probably the largest in size and most consolidated corpus types. They are also perhaps the corpus type that reaches the largest number of users, as they are used by both specialists and non-specialists in linguistics. This is so much so that they are increasingly regarded as another reference tool of language use.
While English reference corpora have become consolidated, corpus linguistics and language corpora have also acquired a remarkable degree of expansion and specialisation. The continuous growth of corpus linguistics has been fostered by the interest of users in language-related areas, who have realized the powerful tool corpora can be in their disciplines. Nowadays, a large number of language corpora of an extensive variety of languages exist. Indeed, national corpora of major languages are available, as well as corpora of languages spoken by smaller communities. Corpora currently also cover a range of registers, text types and subject fields. Actually, the increasing specialisation in corpus linguistics has made it possible to investigate a variety of linguistic aspects for a range of applications in a variety of linguistic areas, for example, language teaching, second language acquisition, translation, terminology, stylistics, discourse analysis, etc.