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Discourse Analysis and Human and Social Sciences

Edited By Simone Bonnafous and Malika Temmar

What is the relationship between discourse analysis and its more recent companion disciplines such as sociology, political science and information and communication sciences, at their point of convergence between the symbolic and the social? How are relationships evolving between discourse analysis and disciplines like the literary studies, psychoanalysis and philosophy, which have been the constant companions of linguistics as these emerged and developed? What is the place and role of discourse analysis in Europe? These are some of the themes dealt with in this book. A team effort on the part of Centre d’Etude des Discours, Images, Texte, Ecrits, Communication (Céditec EA 3119), it aims not to present another view of the history and concepts of discourse analysis, but to encourage thinking and debate on interdisciplinary practices.

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X. Discourse analysis and philosophy: intersecting perspectives - Malika TEMMAR 159

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159 Chapter X Discourse analysis and philosophy: intersecting perspectives Malika TEMMAR By comparison with other disciplines in the human and social sci- ences, philosophy has, in a way, long been resistant to discourse analy- sis. Although contemporary philosophers have expanded ways of un- derstanding “the philosophical utterance” – hermeneutic approaches in the case of Ricoeur, deconstructivist for Derrida, analytical or posi- tivist for Wittgenstein and Carnap – they take little account of philo- sophical forms of expression themselves. In fact, analyses of these expressive forms are very few and far between1 and tend increas- ingly to be developed in the field of research2. However, this is hap- pening in contexts which do not lay claim to discourse analysis and do not necessarily seek to connect philosophical forms of expres- sion with the institutional conditions in which they emerge; nor do they make use of the modern linguistic tools available in language sciences. In the early 1990s, as part of a seminar at the Collège Inter- national de Philosophie which started out from the fundamental re- sistance of philosophy to setting itself up as an object of study3, 1 Two main references may be noted: J.L. Galay, Philosophie et invention textuelle: essai sur la poétique d’un texte kantien, Paris, Klincksieck, 1977; and P.A. Cahné, Un autres Descartes: le philosophe et son langage, Paris, Vrin 1980. 2 The first international conference on “Philosophers’ style” was held in Besançon (organised by B. Curatalo and J. Poirier in November 2005). 3 (Cossutta, 1995:...

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