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Cultural Crossings / À la croisée des cultures

Negotiating Identities in Francophone and Anglophone Pacific Literatures / De la négociation des identités dans les littératures francophones et anglophones du Pacifique

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Edited By Raylene Ramsay

Hitherto undiscovered yet fundamental historical and literary texts from the Pacific provide the subject matter of this collection of essays which sets out to explore the new forms of writing and hybrid identities emerging from both past and contemporary cultural contact and exchange in the ‘South Seas’.
This is also a weaving of the connections between Francophone and Anglophone writers long separated by colonial history. Luis Cardoso, writing in Portuguese from East Timor offers further points of contrast. The places of encounter – the beaches of Tahiti, the retelling of the texts of oral tradition, indigenous mastery of writing and appropriation of Western technology, the construction of contemporary Pacific anthologies or emerging post-colonial writing and translation – are sites of interaction and mixing that also involve negotiations of mana or power. From Pierre Loti’s mythical and feminised Tahitians to Déwé Gorodé’s silenced women, the outcomes of such negotiations are dynamic and different syncretisms. Two chapters reexamine the theoretical concept of hybridity from these Pacific perspectives.
Les articles publiés dans le présent recueil explorent les nouvelles formes d’écriture et les identités hybrides issues du creuset des Mers du Sud. Relativement inconnus, les textes au cœur de ces articles n’en sont pas moins les œuvres fondatrices de la région du Pacifique Sud dont ils constituent la trame historique et littéraire.
Longtemps tenus à l’écart les uns des autres par l’histoire coloniale de la région, les textes d’auteurs francophones et anglophones s’enchevêtrent et se recoupent en de multiples domaines. La reprise des textes de tradition orale, l’appropriation autochtone des technologies occidentales, la création d’anthologies contemporaines et l’émergence d’une littérature postcoloniale, sont autant de sites d’interactions et de convergence qui exigent une négociation permanente entre les pouvoirs et mana en présence.
C’est une nouvelle facette du concept d’hybridité que nous proposent ces études de la région Pacifique.

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Cultural Hybridity in ContemporaryNew Zealand Fiction. A Theoretical Intervention 273

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Cultural Hybridity in Contemporary New Zealand Fiction A Theoretical Intervention Alistair Fox University of Otago Cultural hybridity has become ubiquitous in the aftermath of coloni- sation, being compounded by the effects of globalisation in recent decades. In literature, hybridity has become particularly evident since the emergence of indigenous writers. This makes it all the more neces- sary to understand the nature and uses of hybridity in these literatures. My purpose in this chapter is to suggest, with reference to a number of contemporary New Zealand writers, that current theorisations of hybridity have not yet fully accounted for the practices that one can observe in literature — in particular, the ways in which hybridity in representation can function as an agent of change. 1. Homi K. Bhabha's Theory of Hybridity The person who has most influenced our view of hybridity is Homi K. Bhabha — to the extent that, as Robert Stam has observed, Bhabha "through no fault of his own, has been repeatedly `credited' with the concept of 'hybridity" (Stam, 1998: No. 2). Adopting a poststructualist paradigm based an Derrida's notion of differanee, Bhabha has recoded hybridity as a Symptom of the fluidity and porosity of the postmodern, postcolonial, and post-nationalist moment itself. In Bhabha's view, hybridity consists of "the moments or processes that are produced in the articulation of cultural differences". Hybridity, for Bhabha, inheres in the process rather than the product: "lt is in the emergence of the inter- stices — the overlap and displacement of domains of difference — that the...

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