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Between Enlightenment and Disaster

Dimensions of the political Use of Knowledge

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Linda Sangolt

Modern politics is highly science-dependent and knowledge-driven. What is the rightful role of expert knowledge in political life? How can the truth claims of science be reconciled with principles of democratic control and lay participatory rights in decision-making?
This collection of essays by political scientists, sociologists and economists from Germany, France and Norway provides different empirical and theoretical analyses of the complex organising and legitimising power of knowledge in political governance. The authors shed light on key dimensions and dilemmas that have shaped the world-changing interrelations between politics, social institutions and scientific knowledge in the past century.
The contributions cover issue-areas and policy-fields such as population control, health economics, ICTs and higher education reform, and the politics of productivity and economic pre-eminence.

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Acknowledgements 11 INTRODUCT1ON. The Elusive Quest for Epistemic Certainty 13 Linda Sangolt Epistemic Certainty Questioned. On Science Wars and Scientific Revolutions 29 Peter Wagner From Order to Governmental Rationalities? Population Policies and the Formation of Global Knowledge Regimes 47 Ole Jacob Sending A Century of Quantification and "Gold Calculation." Trends in the Pursuit of Efficiency, Growth and Pre-eminence 75 Linda Sangolt A Politics of Knowledge-tools. The Case of Statistics 111 Alain Desrosieres Is it Healthy to Measure? A Systematic Analogy between Harsanyi's Social Choice Theory and the Standard Gamble Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY) 131 Bettina Wiström Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and the Transformation of the University 149 Gunnar Guddal Michelsen Index 165 Contributors 171 9

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