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Philosophical Essays

Critic Rationalism as Historical-objective Transcendentalism- Edited by Fabio Minazzi- Translation from Italian by Richard Sadleir


Fabio Minazzi

These Philosophical Essays by Giulio Preti explore, with particular acuteness and originality, some of the major problems addressed by contemporary philosophy. Preti’s objective was to outline a «scientific» philosophy capable of embodying the rigour and concern for the factual found in scientific procedure.
His analysis engaged with the complex tradition of logical empiricism and he also devoted attention to pragmatism and the philosophy of praxis in early Marx. Preti succeeded in establishing a dialogue with these traditions of thought while also considering both Husserl’s early phenomenology and the methodical approach derived from Kantian and neo-Kantian transcendentalism.
He used this wide range of theoretical and practical horizons in innovative ways, presenting a critical metareflection receptive to these varying positions. In doing so Preti developed a new critical rationalism that incorporated a historical-objective transcendentalism.


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Preface 9


9 Preface This volume presents a wide and varied selection of the most im- portant and original philosophical and epistemological essays published by the Italian philosopher Giulio Preti (1911-1972) in his lifetime. The texts collected here offer a significant record of the original program of rationalist philosophical research conducted by Preti. In the course of his reflection Preti undertook an interesting program of study, in which he explored the possibility of constructing a philosophy of strictly “scien- tific” type, which would therefore be capable of respecting both rigour of argument and the factual dimension, adopting as his privileged frame of reference the strategies made available by the scientific process. Hence his keen and primary interest in the major, complex tradition of logical empiricism (from the early Wiener Kreis of Schlick, Waismann and Carnap and the Berlin Circle of Reichenbach, down to his studies of the “American” phase of positivism, again above all in the work of Carnap, Neurath and Hempel). However, while analysing and engaging freely with this tradition of thought, he also devoted close attention to the tradition of pragmatism and the philosophy of praxis in early Marx. Further, he always cultivated these epistemological interests without ever omitting to interweave his reflections with the horizon of the phenomenological perspective that emerged from the lesson of early Husserl, and with the critical rationalism which goes back to Kant, studied in all the richness of the tradition of the neo-Kantian school of Marburg, the teachings of Cassirer and Banfi. In this...

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