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Creative Crises of Democracy

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Joris Gijsenbergh, Wim De Jong, Saskia Hollander and Tim Houwen

The «crisis of democracy» is as old as democracy itself. From the first democracy in Athens up until western democracy in the twenty-first century, criticism and complaints about the deficiencies of democracy have recurred. Pessimistic accounts typically focus on the destructive potential of these crises.
This collection of essays takes an alternative approach and draws attention to the creativity inherent in these «crises of democracy» – the potential for renewal and adaptation.
In the volume, historians, philosophers and political scientists from the Netherlands, Great Britain, Sweden and Austria tackle the three key questions prompted by this perspective: what moments of creativity can be discerned during crises of democracy in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries; how does democracy adapt during moments of crisis; and how does the notion of a democratic crisis affect political reality and vice versa?

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About the Authors 439

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439 About the Authors Peter Bal (1982), MA, is a PhD student in philosophy of law at Radboud University Nijmegen in the Netherlands. He holds a degree in International Relations (MA) and Philosophy (BA) and is currently writing a dissertation on democratic representation in a globalizing world. Besides democracy and political representation, his research interests include global justice, cosmopolitanism and humanitarian intervention. Martin Conway (1960), D.Phil. (Oxon.), is a Fellow of Balliol Col- lege and Lecturer in Modern History at the University of Oxford. He has written about the extreme right in Belgium during the interwar years and the Second World War, and, more generally, on the extreme right and Catholicism in twentieth-century Europe. He has also published exten- sively on democracy and political legitimacy in post-1945 Western Europe. His publications include The War for Legitimacy in Politics and Culture 1936-1946 Oxford: Berg Publishers 2008, which he co-edited with Peter Romijn; The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction 1944-47 Oxford: Oxford University Press forthcoming; “The Rise and Fall of Western Europe’s Democratic Age 1945-1973”, Contemporary European History, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2004, pp. 67-88, and “Democracy in Postwar Western Europe: The Triumph of a Political Model”, European History Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2002, pp. 59-84. In addition, he is the book review editor of The English Historical Review. Stefan Couperus (1978), PhD, is Postdoctoral Researcher and Lec- turer in Political History at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. He obtained his PhD degree at the University of Groningen in...

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