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Europe Twenty Years after the End of the Cold War / L’Europe vingt ans après la fin de la guerre froide

The New Europe, New Europes? / Nouvelle Europe, nouvelles Europes ?


Edited By Bruno Arcidiacono, Katrin Milzow, Axel Marion and Pierre-Étienne Bourneuf

How has Europe evolved since the end of the Cold War? Has this period really led to the emergence of a new political space? How has the European Union changed with the integration of new members from Central and Eastern Europe? And to what degree has Europe changed in the eyes of Europeans as a consequence of these events? These are some of the important questions addressed in this work, which takes a deep and incisive look at Europe’s transformation over the last two decades.
The book follows the proceedings of a conference of the same name, organised in October 2010 by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and the Pierre du Bois Foundation for Current History.
Comment l’Europe a-t-elle évolué depuis la fin de la guerre froide ? Cette période a-t-elle été véritablement fondatrice d’un espace politique nouveau ? En quoi l’Union européenne s’est-elle transformée suite à l’intégration des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale ? Et dans quelle mesure l’Europe a-t-elle changé aux yeux des Européens à la suite de ces événements ? Telles sont quelques-unes des questions traitées dans cet ouvrage, qui porte un regard riche et diversifié sur les transformations de l’Europe durant les deux dernières décennies.
Cet ouvrage collectif fait suite à une conférence homonyme organisée en octobre 2010 à Genève par l’Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement ainsi que par la Fondation Pierre du Bois pour l’histoire du temps présent.


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Preface 13


13 Preface This volume consists of papers presented at a conference organised in Geneva in October 2010 by the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, in partnership with the Pierre du Bois Foundation for Current History and with financial support from the Swiss National Science Foundation, which we gratefully acknowledge. Established in 2008, the Foundation was founded to preserve the memory of Pierre du Bois, a historian and professor at the Graduate Institute, who passed away prematurely in 2007. Each year, the Founda- tion organises a conference on a subject chosen to reunite two intellec- tual passions of its namesake: an interest in international current affairs and a passion for the profession of historian. Since European integration was probably the field closest to Pierre du Bois’s heart, as well as an area which very clearly illustrates the need to evoke the past in order to understand the present, it seemed a natural step to devote the Foundation’s second conference – which was held in 2010 but planned in 2009 – to a retrospective look back at the European project over the twenty years since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. This highly symbolic event, whose images remain engraved in the collective consciousness as some of the 20th century’s most enduring icons, symbolises what has become known as “the end of the Cold War” or, more precisely, the end of the bipolar international system which, for some forty years, divided Europe into two military and political rivals, one integrated into...

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