Préface d’André Tiran
Edited By Société Internationale Jean-Baptiste Say
Les auteurs de l’ouvrage discutent de la notion et de la fonction de l’entrepreneur dans l’œuvre de Say pour montrer son actualité économique, sociale et politique. Ils présentent aussi le contexte économique et intellectuel à partir duquel a émergé la théorie de l’entrepreneur. Entrepreneur, professeur, journaliste, lui-même, Say… créa l’entrepreneur et a légué à l’analyse (et à la philosophie) économique un « outil » de sortie de crise.
Jean-Baptiste Say on the Market for Entrepreneurs
José M. MENUDO
Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain
José M. O’KEAN
Universidad Pablo de Olavide IE Business School, Spain
The entrepreneur as just one productive agent and the entrepreneurial function as just one factor of production have not been dealt with in depth in economic literature.1 Even today, the entrepreneur action is scarce in the textbooks in relation to his relevance in the real economic activity.2 However, throughout the history of economic ideas there have been exceptions to the treatment given to the entrepreneur by commonly accepted economic theory, such as the contributions by Jean-Baptiste Say, Alfred Marshall, Frank Knight and Joseph A. Schumpeter, and they are frequently used for definitions of entrepreneurial activity. This generalized indifference contrasts with the wide reach of the works in which the first proposals appear. Jean-Baptiste Say’s Traité d’Economie politique was the most used manual in the first Political Economy lectures in European universities in the 19th century, spreading the ideas of classical thought, and the Principles of Economics (1890) by Alfred Marshall summarized the neoclassical economy used as a reference by the whole academy and in particular in the Anglo-Saxon world from the year of its first edition. ← 89 | 90 →
A proposal to introduce the entrepreneur into economic theory sets out to treat his economic performance as a production factor.3 It considers that the activity of entrepreneurs, their link to different productive actions and their economic payment are subjected to the...
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