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Pela Paz! For Peace! Pour la Paix!

(1849–1939)

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Edited By Maria Manuela Tavares Ribeiro, Maria Fernanda Rollo and Isabel Maria Freitas Valente

Peace is generally defined as a state of non-belligerency between states. This means that it is defined negatively as the absence of war. So is peace just a pause between two wars?
In French, the term is significant: peace is considered a slice of life between two conflicts. Thus, we speak of the early 20 th century as the «Belle Époque» and we talk about the «interwar period», which implies the failure of peace.
Twenty years after the end of the Great War, another, even more terrible conflict began. At the same time, an inversion of values took place in European minds that along with the horrors of war made it very difficult for any Franco-German reconciliation to take place. We would have to wait for the end of the Second World War and its consequences to speak of peace as a realistic utopia.
This volume brings together a number of articles in Portuguese, French and English – on topics such as «thinking peace», intellectuals and peace, federalism and universalism, religiosity and secularism, women and peace, and campaigns and mobility – from many prestigious experts and young researchers. They bring new ways of thinking and interdisciplinary perspectives, and provide an attentive, critical reading of the core subject. This volume proposes to substantiate concepts, projects, movements, speeches, images and representations, and to deepen the knowledge of the key personalities who thought about peace between 1849 and 1939.
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About the author

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Maria Manuela Tavares Ribeiro is Full Professor at the Faculty of Letters of the University of Coimbra, group coordinator at the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of the Twentieth Century, University of Coimbra - CEIS20, and Director of the Scientific Journal Debater a Europa.

Maria Fernanda Rollo is Associate Professor with Aggregation in the History Department of the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa. She is also a researcher and President of the Board of the Institute of Contemporary History.

Isabel Maria Freitas Valente is currently a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of the Twentieth Century, University of Coimbra - CEIS20. She is a member of Team Europe at the European Commission and Executive Director of Debater a Europa.

Alice Cunha is currently a Researcher at the Institute of Contemporary History. Her main research interest lies in the history of European integration and the participation of Portugal.

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