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Schnitzler’s Hidden Manuscripts

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Edited By Lorenzo Bellettini and Peter Hutchinson

This volume, which takes its title from an international conference held at the University of Cambridge in November 2006, aims to shed new light on Schnitzler’s œuvre and his period by focusing on his as yet largely unpublished literary remains, his ‘hidden manuscripts’. Among the key topics covered in this collection are: the reconstruction of the adventurous rescue of the manuscripts from Vienna in 1938 and a description of their current locations; an overview of the author’s life, in its historical context, on the basis of such private documents as his diaries and letters; the plethora of existing variants, both published and unpublished, and their usefulness for our understanding of Schnitzler’s work, from the Anatol cycle to the ‘scandalous’ Reigen – in the light of the discovery of its original manuscript – and Schnitzler’s planned (but never completed) work on the historical figure of Emperor Joseph II; Schnitzler’s difficult relationship with one of the most influential journalists of his time, Karl Kraus, and his literary friendship with a close but hitherto neglected contemporary, Gustav Schwarzkopf; the network of intertextual references ‘hidden’ in the revolutionary monologue novella Lieutenant Gustl against the background of Hermann Bahr’s modernist theory of literature; and finally, Schnitzler’s ‘hidden legacy’ in our own epoch. This book contains contributions in both English and German.

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GABRIELE MATZNER-HOLZER Foreword: Arthur Schnitzler’s Legacy vii

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GABRIELE MATZNER-HOLZER Foreword Arthur Schnitzler’s Legacy When Arthur Schnitzler was born into a bourgeois Viennese Jewish family in 1862, Austria was still a major European power. But this Central European Habsburg Empire with more than a dozen dif ferent nationalities and lan- guages had already started its political and economic decline. Nationalism had begun to erode its foundations. The ruling classes proved incapable of stemming the tide by meaningful reforms. Especially after the revolution of 1848 which brought with it, inter alia, the total liberation of the Jews from crippling laws, aspirations towards freedom and national self-determination were never to die down again. In the early nineties of the nineteenth century, when Schnitzler was still a young man, having reluctantly finished his training as a physician, and later, when he had become a highly successful author of prose and drama, Vienna was going through what was later termed the Wiener Moderne. Schnitzler was a major figure in this fin-de-siècle outburst of creativity in the arts and sciences. He interacted with key figures, such as Hermann Bahr, Sigmund Freud, Gustav Mahler, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Theodor Herzl, Karl Kraus, Anton Bruckner, Richard Strauss, Johannes Brahms, Richard Beer-Hofmann, Alma Mahler-Werfel and many others. This impressively rich period of Austrian cultural history, with its lasting inf luence on Europe and the world, has often been explained by the unique multinational, multilingual environment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in its final stages. Many of its most famous protagonists were born outside of what is now...

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