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Flaubert: Transportation, Progression, Progress


Kate Rees

A belief in progress tells us something about the way a society views itself. Progress speaks of confidence, optimism and dynamism. It assures us of pattern and structure. In the nineteenth century, as the Christian model of development is increasingly challenged and as geological findings expand understanding of history, so progress emerges from the Enlightenment as an ever more acute subject for debate. This book addresses the theme of progress and patterns of progression in the work of Flaubert. Through close textual analysis of his works and particular scrutiny of his narrative structures, this book argues that Flaubert’s position in the mid-nineteenth century situates his work at an intriguing historical crossroads, between Romantic faith in progress and assertions of Decadent decline. Flaubert’s response to progress is rich and complicated, offering stimulating views of momentum and perfectibility.
In this study, actual progression is seen as a metaphor for understanding Flaubert’s attitude to historical progress. Each chapter focuses on a particular vehicle or pattern of movement, analysing journeys undertaken by characters in Flaubert’s texts as models of disrupted, non-linear progression which provide a counter-current to contemporary ideologies of progress. A closing chapter examines connections between Flaubert and Huysmans, investigating the response to progress in later nineteenth-century literature.


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Bibliography 177


Bibliography Works by Flaubert Bouvard et Pécuchet, edited by A. Cento (Paris: Librairie AG Nizet, 1964) Correspondance, 4 vols. (Paris: Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléaide, 1973–1998) (1830–1875) Œuvres, 2 vols. (Paris: Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléaide, 1952) Œuvres de Jeunesse (Paris: Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléaide, 2001) Par les champs et par les grèves, edited by Adrianne Tooke (Geneva: Droz, 1987) Voyages (Paris: arléa, 1998) Voyage en Orient in Œuvres complètes, 2 vols. (Paris: Seuil, 1964), I Primary Texts by writers other than Flaubert Balzac, Honoré de, La Peau de Chagrin (Paris: Garnier-Flammarion, 1996) Baudelaire, Charles, Œuvres complètes (Paris: Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléaide, 1961) Cabet, Étienne, Voyage et aventures de Lord Carisdall en Icarie (Paris: Félix Malbte, 1848) Chateaubriand, Voyage de la Grèce, in Œuvres romanesques et voyages 2 vols. (Paris: Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, 1969), II, pp. 769–910 Condorcet, Esquisse d’un tableau historique des progrès de l’esprit humain (Paris: Boivin, 1933) Du Camp, Maxime, Souvenirs Littéraires (Paris: Aubier, 1994), —— Les Chants Modernes (Paris: Michel Lévy, 1855) Gautier, Théophile, Caprices et Zigzags (Paris: Victor Lecou, 1852) —— Quand on voyage (Paris: Michel Lévy, 1865) 178 Bibliography Hugo, Victor, Correspondance familiale et écrits intimes, edited by Jean Gaudon et al., 2 vols. (Paris: Laf font 1988, 1991) —— Correspondance, 2 vols. (Paris: Albion Michel, 1952) —— La Légende des siècles (Paris, Gallimard, Bibliothèque de...

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